Framework laptop review: Take it apart and repair it

Framework needs you to take its laptop computer aside and restore it. Significantly. Whereas most laptops are tough to unimaginable to restore or improve, this debut product from Framework not solely could be dismantled and upgraded, however the firm really encourages you to do it.

We took an early-production Framework laptop computer for a whirl. Whereas now we have some points with sure design selections, now we have to say it’s refreshing to see a laptop computer made for upgrading and serviceability.

For instance, most laptop computer bezels and our bodies are held along with plastic latches that snap the keyboard deck onto the underside. When you can often snap the 2 collectively after opening it to, say, swap out the SSD, do it sufficient instances and the plastic latches will ultimately break. Framework addresses this by utilizing magnets to carry the bezel and physique collectively. When you’ve eliminated the 5 T5 screws on the underside, you rigorously pry the 2 items aside.

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Reasonably than utilizing breakable plastic latches to carry the shell collectively, Framework makes use of sturdy magnets.

Framework’s screws use a T5 Torx head as an alternative of the much more widespread Phillips head, which some will take as an anti-repair characteristic as a result of few have Torx drivers. To its credit score, Framework features a T5 Torx device with a plastic “spudger” on one finish.

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No T5 Torx? No drawback: Framework consists of one within the field.

Go forward, take it aside

With most laptop computer critiques, you begin by testing it, and should gingerly open it up later to look inside. With the Framework, we did the reverse: We took the laptop computer aside earlier than testing it.

And we don’t imply simply opening it up. We really determined to take away the laptop computer’s motherboard to see how straightforward it was. Trace: It’s straightforward. Very easy. That’s helped by the clear instructions Framework gives.

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The Framework laptop computer is an “inverted” design, which suggests the RAM and single M.2 bay are beneath the keyboard.

Inverted design

Apparently, the design of the Framework laptop computer places the pair of DDR4 SO-DIMMs and PCIe Gen four M.2 beneath the keyboard. That is usually probably the most unfriendly place to place the most typical parts folks change on a laptop computer, as a result of eradicating the keyboard and trackpad dangers tearing delicate ribbon cables.

With the Framework laptop computer, although, it’s not an issue. As we stated, loosen the 5 T5 screws on the underside—however don’t take away them. That’s as a result of they’re captive screws, held in place when loosened. It is a notably uncommon element amongst laptops, however Framework is aware of you’ll be opening up its merchandise, so it’s considering of your wants.

When you’ve loosened the screws, you employ the plastic spudger to pry up the keyboard, then take away a single ribbon cable that carries the connections from the keyboard and trackpad. In lots of laptops, the trackpad and keyboard are related by their very own cables, usually so brief that there’s barely sufficient clearance to take away them. Framework’s keyboard/trackpad cable is deliberately longer to assist and abet its user-tinkerer viewers.

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The DDR4 RAM slots are clearly marked for folk who want some steerage.

Whereas Apple and a few PC makers have moved to soldered down Wi-Fi, RAM, and even SSDs, the Framework is all modular. There are a number of drawbacks, although. The Framework makes use of normal DDR4 SO-DIMMs, the type you often discover in lower-cost laptops and bigger gaming laptops. The LPDDR4 RAM that you just usually discover in ultra-portable laptops gives larger reminiscence bandwidth and makes use of far much less energy when the laptop computer is in standby mode vs. DDR4. Nonetheless, LPDDR4 is required to be soldered down, so it clearly doesn’t match into the Framework strategy. 

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Most extremely skinny laptops have moved to soldered down Wi-Fi modules to avoid wasting house however Framework’s alternative helps you to swap modules to improve your Wi-Fi.

Improve your motherboard?

When you’ve eliminated the Wi-Fi module, show connector, audio connectors, and battery connector, 5 extra T5 screws maintain the motherboard in place. Eradicating a motherboard on a laptop computer is feasible (properly, except it’s glued down), but it surely’s simply by no means been fairly this straightforward on an ultra-thin laptop computer. 

In fact, you’re most likely questioning, why even hassle to take away the motherboard? For many laptops you’d try this provided that a element on the motherboard died. With Framework, the pitch is you’d purchase it along with your 11th-gen Core i7 CPU after which improve it to the 14th-gen Core i7 down the highway. Whereas there’s no AMD Ryzen possibility accessible, there’s nothing to forestall it from being accessible down the highway. Framework has stated it’s open to it.

That’s one other radical departure for any laptop computer maker. The enterprise is basically constructed in your having to purchase a complete new laptop computer when yours will get too outdated or breaks.

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Trendy laptop computer CPUs are soldered to the motherboard. Down the highway, Framework hopes to promote you a brand new motherboard with a more recent CPU in it as an improve.

Upgradable ports

One characteristic left us much less impressed: The upgradable ports. The corporate provides you 4 modular bays and allows you to choose from an assortment of choices, comparable to DisplayPort, HDMI, microSD, USB-A, and USB-C. You may put the ports wherever you need. The modules lock into place with small, safe retention latch. (Oddly, whereas Framework calls the USB-C ports “USB-C,” they’re really Thunderbolt four, utilizing the controller inside the CPU).

On paper, this all feels like a nifty concept. In observe now we have some issues. We’d moderately simply see USB-C on either side, plus one USB-A, as a result of nobody ever stated they needed fewer USB ports. Reasonably than making all 4 ports modular, we’d say let folks swap out the microSD or HDMI or DisplayPort. Additionally, regardless that the modular ports are flush, the seen seam irked us.  

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You may choose the ports you need on the Framework, however these seams across the modules are off-putting.

Too generic?

One space the place Framework most likely received’t win any prizes is in fashion. Aside from the cog-shaped emblem on the lid and a small hinge, there’s not a lot pizzazz. Nobody will ever, ever confuse this with a Dell XPS, HP Spectre, Lenovo ThinkPad or different laptops you’ll be able to pick from 50 toes away. Whereas folks could deny it to your face, trend and magnificence drive a lot of the acquisition determination of a laptop computer today.

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Is the Framework too generic for a lot of? In all probability.

With the lid swung open, the Framework seems to be about as generic as these faux laptops they’ve in furnishings shops to indicate off the brand new Ikea Blurg standing desk. However hey, if Crocs and Birkenstocks are in style, why not generic-looking laptops? Don’t be a trend sufferer. 

As an alternative, take a look at the show. The Framework gives a 13.5-inch shiny panel with a decision of 2256×1504, and a dreamy side ratio of three:2. That’s a taller side ratio than the standard 16:9 that mimics televisions. We’re a giant fan of taller side ratios for doing precise work, moderately than bingeing Netflix. One other beauty of the Framework’s panel is its pretty excessive pixel density of three.four million, versus a typical 2 million pixels on a 1920×1080 show. Because of this, you’ll be able to match extra home windows into the display screen aspect by aspect and be extra productive. The panel is rated to hit 400 nits, so it’s pretty vibrant as properly. It’s made by BOE and seems to be an IPS-style panel, providing glorious off-axis viewing and crisp element.

And sure, due to the magnetic bezel, changing the panel, do you have to break it, needs to be a breeze.

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The stunning three:2 side ratio panel gives 70 % extra pixel density and glorious off-axis viewing.

Privateness, too

There’s additionally a reasonably nifty characteristic for the laptop computer’s digital camera and microphone. First, the webcam is 1080p, which is higher-resolution than most laptops’ 720p fashions. What we actually respect are the built-in lower off switches for each. We see loads of privateness shutters on laptops at present, and a few even have devoted mute buttons, but it surely seems to be just like the Framework’s microphone could be utterly lower off from the system. It doesn’t take away it from Home windows Gadget Supervisor, however we consider it’s electrically lifeless when you throw the change.

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The switches are a bit fiddly however we love you can lower off each the 1080p webcam and the microphone for elevated safety from snoopers.


We’re nonetheless operating efficiency checks on the laptop computer and a run-down of its decently-sized 55-watt-hour battery, so we’ll replace our story as soon as now we have a full set of figures. We are able to already let you know the Core i7-1185G7 performs in step with competing laptops we’ve seen with the identical CPU.

It doesn’t appear like it will get the identical inside polish you would possibly get from an OEM, although. Many laptops at present mean you can choose totally different fan profiles and efficiency profiles based mostly on tuning by the OEM. With the Framework, the OS and look of optimizations look, properly, as generic as its shell.

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If half the consumers of laptops care largely for trend, the opposite half care about value. We are able to let you know that should you assume not having a giant identify on the laptop computer means far decrease costs, properly, that’s not essentially true. 

For instance, The Framework laptop computer we examined has a Core i7-1185G7 with Xe graphics, 32GB of DDR4, 1TB WD PCIe Gen four SSD, and Home windows 10 Professional, and it’ll set you again $1,999. A Dell XPS 13 with the identical CPU, 32GB of LPDDR4, 1TB SSD,  and 3456×2160 OLED contact panel has an inventory value of $1,749.

So sure, the privilege of getting a laptop computer you’ll be able to improve and restore to your coronary heart’s content material will value you extra. You might argue that it’s cheaper in the long term as a result of you’ll be able to improve the motherboard and CPU, however you’re nonetheless paying extra up-front for the aptitude.

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We want extra corporations would undertake a number of the design cues from the Framework.


We now have by no means began a assessment by taking a laptop computer aside, ripping its motherboard out, after which placing it again collectively and testing it. That’s as a result of we might by no means count on a product to endure that with out malfunctioning. That’s simply not how laptops are made at present.

With the Framework, the long run is about doing your personal repairs and upgrading what you must, moderately than throwing the whole laptop computer overboard. That makes the Framework a very particular laptop computer that we hope—we actually hope—begins a brand new pattern within the disposable laptop computer world.

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